Stretching helps increase the range of motion around a joint and also loosens up the stiffness in the muscles. Muscles that are warmed up before something stressful like exercise are better able to withstand exertion.
Running involves your quadriceps or “quads,” which is the group of muscles at the front of your thigh, attached at the top of the kneecap.
“When the leg strikes the ground, the quads control the deceleration,” Holland explains. “Without them, you’d basically fall.”
If you participate in sports or enjoy working out, you’re probably familiar with that burning sensation in your muscles that leaves you sore for a couple of days afterward. The burning sensation is caused by lactic acid, a natural by-product of higher-than-normal energy use in the muscles that’s made up of oxygen, carbon and hydrogen. And though lactic acid is actually a sign that your body is working hard and using energy, most athletes want to know how to reduce lactic acid. The following steps will teach you which precautions to take before, during, and after exercise to reduce lactic acid and enjoy your workouts more. Read the rest of this entry »